What is the message of the Bhagavad Gita?

There are eminent scholars who have come up with a way to express the crux of the entire Gita in as simple terms as possible.

To go over their meanings, it is better to get some context of the first and last shlokas of the Bhagavad Gita.

The first shloka goes thus:

धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः ।
मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय ॥

dharmakShetre kurukShetre samavetA yuyutsavaH
mAmakAH pANDavAshchaiva kimakurvata sa~njaya

The last shloka is:

यत्र योगेश्वरः कृष्णो यत्र पार्थो धनुर्धरः ।
तत्र श्रीर्विजयो भूतिर्ध्रुवा नीतिर्मतिर्मम ॥

yatra yogeshvaraH kR^iShNo yatra pArtho dhanurdharaH
tatra shrIrvijayo bhUtirdhruvA nItirmatirmama

Now let’s look at the meaning of each word in the two shlokas.

धर्मक्षेत्रे dharmakShetre in the place of pilgrimage
कुरुक्षेत्रे kurukShetre in the place named Kuruksetra
समवेताः samavetAH assembled
युयुत्सवः yuyutsavaH desiring to fight
मामकाः mAmakAH my party (sons)
पाण्डवाः pANDavAH the sons of Pandu
cha and
एव eva certainly
किं kiM what
अकुर्वत akurvata did they do
सञ्जय sa~njaya O Sanjaya.
यत्र yatra where
योगेश्वरः yogeshvaraH the master of mysticism
कृष्णः kR^iShNaH Lord KRiShNa
यत्र yatra where
पार्थः pArthaH the son of Pritha
धनुर्धरः dhanurdharaH the carrier of the bow and arrow
तत्र tatra there
श्रीः shrIH opulence
विजयः vijayaH victory
भूतिः bhUtiH exceptional power
ध्रुवा dhruvA certain
नीतिः nItiH morality
मतिर्मम matirmama my opinion.

In One Word

If you take the first syllable of the first shloka and the last syllable of the last shloka (the 700th verse), the word formed is : धर्म (dharma).

So Bhagavad Gita is about Dharma.

In Two Words

If you take the first word of the first shloka and the last word of the last shloka (the 700th verse), the word formed is : धर्म (dharma) मम (mama).

So Bhagavad Gita is about My Dharma.

In Four Words

If you take the first two words, “धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे” (dharmakShetre kurukShetre), you can form a short four word phrase: क्षेत्रे क्षेत्रे धर्म कुरु (kShetre kShetre dharma kuru).

In all the “Kshetrams” do your dharma. A simple translation of “Kshetra” is “temple”.

But if you analyze carefully, there is an entire chapter in the Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13 entitled : “Kṣhetra Kṣhetrajña Vibhāga Yoga”.

Here Lord Krishna defines Kshetra as the body, the mind, and everything.

In this context, it again refers back to whatever you identify yourself as, do dharma.

I think the message is very clear.


My Dharma. 

Whatever you identify yourself as, do Dharma.

Happy reading the Bhagavad Gita!